Bequests to the Massachusetts
It is hoped by the Massachusetts Horticultural Society that it
will not be forgotten by members who find it expedient to make
their wills. This Society's financial condition is sound and its
investments are good, but the income from many of its invest-
ments has declined because of decreased returns from its bond
holdings. Expenses naturally have increased and more money is
needed to extend the activities of the Society.
The following form of bequest is suggested :
FORM OF BEQUEST
I give and bequeath to the Massachusetts Horticultural Society
located in Boston, Massachusetts, the sum of
to be used as the Board of Trustees may
direct for the promotion of horticulture in its various forms and
for extending the activities of the Society along educational lines.
The Committee on Lectures and Publications has
the honor to present herewith the nineteenth number
of the Society's Year Book, with which is combined
the annual reports for the year 1941.
Elmer D. Merrill, Chairman.
May 4, 1942.
Mr. Edwin S. Webster
Re-elected president at the annual meeting, May 4 } 1942.
Table of Contents
Officers for 1942 9
Committees for 1942 10
Medals and Certificates Awarded in 1941 11
Two Hundred Dollar Legacy 17
Special Medal Awards in 1941 18
Exhibitions in 1942 25
Gifts to the Library 26
Garden Awards in 1941 27
Garden Clubs Not Members of the Massachusetts Federation 31
Benevolent Fraternity Fruit and Flower Mission .... 38
Annual Meeting, 1942 43
The President's Address 43
Report of the Secretary 46
Report of the Treasurer 49
Report of the Library Committee 57
Report of the Committee on the Exhibitions of the Products
of Children's Gardens 58
Report of the Committee on Exhibitions 59
Report of the Committee on Prizes 62
Result of the Balloting 62
Honorary Members 63
Corresponding Members 63
Mr. William Ellery
Re-elected vice-president at the annual meeting, May 4, 1942.
List of Illustrations
Edwin S. Webster 4
William Ellery 6
Dunbar Lockwood 8
Professor Frank A. Waugh 18
Henry Hicks 20
Elizabeth White 20
John S. Ames 21
C. J. Van Bourgondien 21
Frederick H. Howard 24
L. G. Bruggemann 27
Summer home of Mr. Charles 0. Dexter, awarded silver medal
in 1941 28
Section of formal garden of Mrs. C. D. Armstrong, awarded
gold medal in 1941 29
Spring garden of Mrs. Charles G. Weld, awarded silver medal
in 1941 30
Golden medal exhibit by Cherry Hill Nurseries at June
Exhibition in 1941 36
"The Great Smokies" Brought to Boston 40
Lily Garden at the 1942 Spring Show 40
Garden set up by Thomas Murray for Mr. and Mrs. Francis B.
Crowninshield, at the 1942 Spring Flower Show ... 42
Picture from book published about 1890, showing youthful
gardeners on way to exhibition at Horticultural Hall . 47
Mb. Dunbar Lockwood
Elected a trustee at the annual meeting, May 4, 1942.
THE BOARD OF GOVERNMENT
EDWIN S. WEBSTER
Charles K. Cummings
*John S. Ames Walter Hunnewell (1943)
Aubrey Butler (1945) Harlan P. Kelsey (1945)
George W. Butterworth (1943) Dunbar Lock wood (1945)
Winthrop L. Carter (1943) Elmer D. Merrill (1944)
Mrs. S. V. R. Crosby (1943) Harold S. Ross (1944)
Mrs. John Gardner Coolidge (1943) Fletcher Steele (1945)
*Charles K. Cummings Robert G. Stone (1944)
•William Ellery Mrs. Roger S. Warner (1945)
Samuel J. Goddard (1944) *Edwin S. Webster
William P. Wolcott (1944)
Professor Oakes Ames
Miss Marian Roby Case
John S. Ames
Edward I. Farrington
*Members ex-officio. Dates given are those of expiration of terms.
COMMITTEES OF THE SOCIETY
For the Year Ending May 4, 1943
EDWIN S. WEBSTER, Chairman
JOHN S. AMES WILLIAM ELLERY
CHARLES K. CUMMINGS WALTER HUNNEWELL
EDWIN S. WEBSTER, Chairman
JOHN S. AMES ROBERT G. STONE
EDWIN S. WEBSTER, Chairman
JOHN S. AMES WILLIAM ELLERY
CHARLES K. CUMMINGS WALTER HUNNEWELL
ROBERT G. STONE
WINTHROP L. CARTER, Chairman
GEORGE W. BUTTERWORTH DUNBAR LOCKWOOD
Committee on Exhibitions
ELMER D. MERRILL, Chairman
SAMUEL J. GODDARD ALLEN HIXON
CHARLES P. GORELY, JR. MRS. IRVING C. WRIGHT
Committee on Prizes
AUBREY BUTLER, Chairman
JOHN S. AMES GEORGE O. CLARK
ERNEST BOROWSKI SYDNEY KIMPTON
Committee on Library
CHARLES K. CUMMINGS, Chairman
MRS. S. V. R. CROSBY MRS. ROGER S. WARNER
Committee on Lectures and Publications
ELMER D. MERRILL, Chairman
MISS MARIAN ROBY CASE MRS. JOHN G. COOLIDGE
Committee on Special Medals
HAROLD S. ROSS. Chairman
AUBREY BUTLER ELMER D. MERRILL
HARLAN P. KELSEY WILLIAM P. WOLCOTT
Committee on Gardens
GEORGE W. BUTTERWORTH, Chairman
DUNBAR LOCKWOOD FLETCHER STEELE
HAROLD S. ROSS ROBERT G. STONE
Committee on Building
WILLIAM ELLERY, Chairman
GEORGE W. BUTTERWORTH CHARLES K. CUMMINGS
Committee on Children's Gardens Exhibitions
SAMUEL J. GODDARD, Chairman
DANIEL W. O'BRIEN MRS. HENRY D. TUDOR
Committee on the Albert C. Burrage Gold Vase
WALTER HUNNEWELL, Chairman
ALBERT C. BURRAGE, JR. ELMER D. MERRILL
AUBREY BUTLER WILLIAM P. WOLCOTT
SAMUEL J. GODDARD HAROLD S. ROSS
ELMER D. MERRILL ROBERT G. STONE
WILLIAM P. WOLCOTT
Medals and Certificates Awarded
The Albert C. Burr age Gold Vase
Mrs. Galen L. Stone, for a group of acacias at the Spring Show.
George Robert White Medal of Honor
Professor Frank A. Waugh, Amherst, Mass., for eminent service in
Thomas Roland Medal
C. J. Van Bourgondien, Babylon, N. Y., grower of greenhouse plants.
Jackson Dawson Memorial Medal
Fred H. Howard, Montebello, Calif., for developing roses, a leader in
Mr. and Mrs. Francis B. Crowninshield, for a formal garden at the
Gold Medal of the Horticultural Society of New York
Harlan P. Kelsey, Inc., for a naturalistic garden at the Spring Show.
Gold Medal of the Pennsylvania Horticultural Society
Mrs. Galen L. Stone, for a group of acacias at the Spring Show.
Trophy of the Massachusetts Department of Agriculture
Harlan P. Kelsey, Inc., for a naturalistic garden at the Spring Show.
Trophy of the Popularity Contest
Mrs. Galen L. Stone, for a group of acacias at the Spring Show.
Bronze Medal of the New England Wild Flower
Preservation Society, Inc.
Wilfrid Wheeler, for an outstanding exhibit illustrating the conserva-
tion of holly.
A. Frylink & Son, Inc., for daffodil Mrs. R. 0. Backhouse, best bloom
in the show.
Mrs. R. M. Saltonstall, for tulip President Taft, best bloom in the show.
Book: "Green Enchantment"
C. K. Cummings, for Camellia japonica alba plena, best bloom in the
Large Gold Medals
Mrs. Charles Dickey Armstrong, for her garden at "Indian Knoll," Oster-
12 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY
Mr. John S. Ames, North Easton, for advancement of horticulture,
particularly introduction of Kurume azaleas.
Henry Hicks, Westbury, N. Y., nurseryman maintaining high standard
of nursery practice.
Elizabeth White, Whitesbog, N. J., for propagation and distribution of
cultivated blueberry, also work with American holly.
L. Sherman Adams, Welles! ey, for a group of orchids at New York.
Bobbink & Atkins, for a rose garden at the Spring Show.
Ernest Borowski, for a rhododendron and azalea garden at the Spring
Borst & Fraser, for an outdoor living room at the Spring Show.
Breck's, for a display of daffodils at the Spring Show.
Cape Cod Horticultural Society, Inc., for a formal garden at the Spring
Cherry Hill Nurseries, for an informal garden at the Spring Show.
Cherry Hill Nurseries, for a comprehensive display of peonies, rhododen-
drons and azaleas.
W. N. Craig, for a table rock garden at the Spring Show.
Mr. and Mrs. Francis B. Crowninshield, for a group of chrysanthemums.
Mr. and Mrs. Francis B. Crowninshield, for a rose garden at the Spring
Cummings the Florist, for a group of standard geraniums at the Spring
Flying Cloud Farms, Inc., for a display of gladiolus — the most meritorious
exhibit in the New England Gladiolus Society's exhibition.
A. Frylink & Son, Inc., for a collection of daffodils.
Gardeners' & Florists' Club of Boston, for a group of chrysanthemums.
Gardner Museum, for a group of cyclamen at the Spring Show.
Gardner Museum, for an oriental temple garden.
Alexander Irving Heimlich, for a ledge garden and waterfall at the Spring
Hillcrest Gardens, for a New England farmyard scene.
Albert A. Hulley, for a clematis and rose garden at the Spring Show.
F. W. Hunnewell, for a group of Ccelogyne cristata at the Spring Show.
Harlan P. Kelsey, Inc., for a naturalistic garden at the Spring Show.
Norristown Garden Club, for a cottage garden at the Spring Show in
A. A. Pembroke, for a vase of seedling snapdragons at the Spring Show.
A. N. Pierson, Inc., and the United States Cut Flower Company, for
displays of roses at the Spring Show. (2)
Mrs. Galen L. Stone, for a group of acacias at the Spring Show.
Mr. and Mrs. Edwin S. Webster, for a group of chrysanthemums.
Edwin S. Webster, for an informal garden at the Spring Show.
Edwin S. Webster, for a group of orchids at the Spring Show.
Wolfpen Farm, for an arrangement of camellias.
Yoder Brothers, for a display of chrysanthemum varieties.
MEDALS AND CERTIFICATES AWARDED IN 1941 13
Dr. Thomas Barbour, for a display of vegetables.
Bay State Nurseries, Inc., for a modernistic garden at the Spring Show.
Ernest Borowski, for specimen Azalea indica at the Spring Show.
Mrs. E. D. Brandegee, for a group of chrysanthemums.
Breck's, for general excellence of trade booth at the Spring Show.
Mrs. Frederick F. Brewster, for a group of calceolarias at the Spring
Butterworth's, for a group of orchids.
F. I. Carter & Sons, for a group of cacti and succulents at the Spring
W. N. Craig, for a display of perennials and lilies.
V. R. DePetris, for a display of chrysanthemums.
Mr. Charles 0. Dexter, for his Summer place at Sandwich.
Garden in the Woods, for an educational exhibit showing propagation of
native plants at the Spring Show.
Gardeners' & Florists' Club of Boston, for a primrose dell at the Spring
George P. Gardner, Jr., for a display of camellias.
Gardner Museum, for a Fourth of July garden at the Spring show.
Dr. R. J. Graves, for iris Depute Nomblot — finest stalk in Iris Show.
Mrs. Randolph C. Grew, for a lily garden at the Spring Show.
Harvard University Botanic Garden, for a collection of sedums.
Herb Society of America, for a group of medicinal herbs at the Spring
Jamaica Plain High School, for a backyard garden at the Spring Show.
Lohrman Seed Company, for general excellence of trade booth at the
Edward F. Norberg, Jr., for a group of hydrangeas at the Spring Show.
North Shore Horticultural Society, for an informal garden at the Spring
R. T. Paine, 2nd, for Cymbidium pauwelsi at the Spring Show.
Shreve, Crump & Low Company, for general excellence of trade booth at
the Spring Show.
Louis Vasseur, for a display of clematis.
William T. Walke & Sons, Inc., for a group of amaryllis at the Spring
Fred P. Webber, for a display of dahlias, small-flowered varieties.
Edwin S. Webster, for a group of orchids. (2)
Mrs. Charles G. Weld, for her Spring garden at Brookline.
Weston Nurseries, Inc., for a formal garden at the Spring Show.
Mrs. A. C. Wilson, for a collection of tree peonies.
John Young, for dahlia Elsie M. Young.
American Begonia Society, for a group of begonias at the Spring Show.
Bay State Nurseries, Inc., for a collection of herbs.
14 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY
Better Homes Garden Club of Winchester, for a flower arrangement by
Mrs. Samuel B. Kirkwood — most meritorious flower arrangement by
a non-member of the New England Gladiolus Society.
Mrs. George Blum, for Euphorbia splendens.
Brightridge Dairy Greenhouses, for general excellence of trade booth at
L. G. Bruggemann, for a display of vegetables.
Carbone, Inc., for general excellence of trade booth at the Spring Show.
Cummings the Florist, for carnation wedding bouquets at the Spring
C. K. Cummings, for hardy chrysanthemums — Rye Hill seedlings.
Mrs. Edward Forbes, for a group of Japanese chrysanthemums.
Ormond Hamilton, for Japanese arrangements at the Spring Show.
Mrs. Harry Hayward, for a group of Primula auricula at the Spring
Keown Orchards, for Mcintosh apples.
Meloripe Fruit Company, for general excellence of trade booth at the
Miss Geneva Mercer, for flower paintings in tempera.
Morrison School Garden, for a display from a replica of the first school
Xorth High School, Agricultural Department, for a roadside stand.
Mrs. Dana Osgood, for an arrangement of camellias.
Perry Seed Company, for general excellence of trade booth at the Spring
Ray's, Inc., for three bottle gardens.
Ray's, Inc., for a group of house plants at the Spring Show.
Runkle School, for a model of a section of Old Williamsburg at the Spring
Spanish Art Iron Works, for general excellence of trade booth at the
Vaughan's Seed Store, for general excellence of trade booth at the Spring
Miss Lissa Bell Walker, for flower paintings and drawings.
Waltham Field Station, for a display of popcorn.
Mrs. Edwin S. Webster, for the second highest total number of points
in Iris Show.
Wendell W. Wyman, for a display of gladiolus.
Bronze Medals for Children's Gardens, Donated by Miss Marian
Roby Case, Hillcrest Gardens, Weston, Mass.
Armen Amerigian, Brockton
Robert E. Andresen, Lexington
Herbert A. Berthel, Melrose
Herbert Bissell, Goshen
Edith Boisseau, Westfield
George C. Costa, Roxbury
Barbara Coulton, Richmond
MEDALS AND CERTIFICATES AWARDED IN 1941 15
Dorothy Courtemanche, Brockton
James Cunningham, North Andover
Rhinehold Dubochewsky, Swansea
Jean Ewing, East Bridgewater
Leo J. Fitzpatriek, Jr., Brockton
Paul Gibbs, Chester
Robert B. Gretter, Maiden
Ralph Gulla, Boston
Hollis S. Howard, Amesbury
Anne Jeffrey, Brockton
Donald Jillson, North Adams
Donald Kinsman, Framingham
Aloysius P. Maclntyre, Dorchester
Herbert Morgan, Arlington
Arlene Sabo, Goshen
Paul Smith, Stow
Shirley Tilton, Taunton
Virginia Tuttle, Waltham
Christine Vartarian, Weymouth
Donald Vetterling, Greenfield
Arthur R. Voelkel, South Boston
Richard Walsh, Holbrook
June Wesson, Orange
Donald White, Holliston
John Wiinikainen, West Barnstable
Robert Wilson, East Bridgewater
Robert I. Young, Orleans
Edward Zapsky, Boston
First Class Certificates
Azalea Jane Abbott, exhibited by Weston Nurseries, Inc.
Brassocattleya Hartland, exhibited by Edwin S. Webster.
Cypripedium Joan Harris, exhibited by Edwin S. Webster.
Laeliocattleya Hyperion, exhibited by Edwin S. Webster.
Laeliocattleya Windermere, exhibited by Edwin S. Webster.
Awards of Merit
Carnation Venus, exhibited by Cummings the Florist.
Chrysanthemum Cocheco, exhibited by Colprit's Nursery.
Cymbidium Chepstow Castle, exhibited by Edwin S. Webster.
Cypripedium Crusader, exhibited by Edwin S. Webster.
Giant Peter Fisher carnations, exhibited by Cummings the Florist.
Seneca Grape, exhibited by the New York State Agricultural Experiment
Laeliocattleya Cynthia var. Model, exhibited by Edwin S. Webster.
Laeliocattleya Elissa, exhibited by Edwin S. Webster.
Miltonia Christin, exhibited by Edwin S. Webster.
16 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY
Phalaenopsis Reve Rose, exhibited by Edwin S. Webster.
Snapdragon Mammoth Gold, exhibited by the Mt. Auburn Cemetery Corp.
Votes of Commendation
Calceolaria tomentosa, exhibited by Walter Hunnewell.
Carnation Hazel Draper, exhibited by W. D. Howard.
Carnation Peace, exhibited by Seaver Brothers.
Hillebrandia sandwicensis, exhibited by F. W. Hunnewell.
Jasminum beesianum, exhibited by Harvard University Botanic Garden.
Lily Vilmora, exhibited by Louis Vasseur.
Rose Brandywine, exhibited by J. H. Thompson's Sons.
Rose Fair Maid, exhibited by Peirce Brothers.
Peter Arnott, for a group of orchids.
Miss A. A. Bradley for specimen cyclamen plant.
G. S. Bradley, for Ccelogyne cristata.
L. G. Bruggemann, for the size and excellence of his delphiniums.
Cummings the Florist, for standard geraniums.
George W. Finnie, for a group of calceolarias.
Sydney Kimpton, for specimen cyclamen.
A. A. Pembroke, for seedling snapdragons.
Harold A. Ryan, Inc., for Strelitzia regina.
John Sullivan, for cyclamen.
Louis Vasseur, for clematis.
Eric H. Wetterlow & Son, Florists, for Cypripedium insigne.
Votes of Thanks
Mrs. Emma Bailey Fraser, for flower paintings.
Clebnik Brothers, for St. Patrick's party bouquet of carnations at the
Cornell University, for model gardens at the Spring Show.
A. C. Farr, for a display of carnations at the Spring Show.
A. C. Farr, for an orange tree at the Spring Show.
S. J. Goddard, for a basket of Carnation Hermosa at the Spring Show.
S. J. Goddard, for a basket of mixed carnations at the Spring Show.
Countess Guardabassi, for a vase of Russell lupine.
Mrs. L. Hollingsworth Wood, for camellias.
F. W. Hunnewell, for Ccelogyne cristata.
C. B. Johnson, for Carnation Crimson Queen.
H. M. Johnson, for Barnewjohn pears.
Massachusetts Department of Conservation, for an exhibit of shrub, tree
and forest insects.
Miss Geneva Mercer, for "Joyousness" — figure of a baby boy.
Mrs. Dorothea Long Moretti, for a fountain figure — Boy on Turtle.
New York State Agricultural Experiment Station, for Pawpaws —
MEDALS AND CERTIFICATES AWARDED IN 1941 17
Ray's, Inc., for planted tufa rock.
Sand Hills Garden Club, for camellias.
Stumpp & Walter, for pansies.
Miss Maren Thoresen, for flower portraits.
Louis Vasseur, for a frilled peony.
John B. Wills, for a collection of hardy chrysanthemums.
Miss Elizabeth Woolley, for a New England doorway lighted for Christ-
Wreath suitable for Christmas constructed of natural plant material,
exhibited by the Plymouth, N. H., Garden Club.
Myosotis traversi, exhibited by the Harvard University Botanic Garden.
First Church of Christ, Scientist, in Boston, for large and well-kept park.
Two Hundred Dollar Legacy
The late Mrs. James W. Applebee of Lynn, Mass., who became a
member of the Massachusetts Horticultural Society in 1928, left
a will bequeathing $200 to this Society, which amount has been
received and entered on the books.
Special Medal Awards in 1941
George Robert White Award
Professor Frank A. Waugh, awarded the George Robert White
Medal of Honor in 1941, is emeritus professor of landscape archi-
tecture at Massachusetts State College and widely known as an
author and teacher of horticultural subjects. This medal is con-
Professor Frank A. Waugh
Awarded the George Robert White Medal
of Honor in 1941.
sidered to be the highest honor available in the field of horticul-
ture in the United States.
Dr. Waugh has been with Massachusetts State College for 40
years, having gone there from the University of Vermont in 1902.
He organized the division of horticulture and served as its head
for many years. During that time he carried on extensive field
SPECIAL MEDAL AWARDS IN 1941 19
work as well as experiments in many branches of horticulture.
He is the author of numerous books and bulletins and his publi-
cations in ecology and physiography have been looked upon as
basic to an understanding of the natural landscape and there-
fore fundamental to landscape architecture. His work in sys-
tematic pomology opened an entirely new field in this branch of
Dr. Waugh is a fellow of the American Society of Landscape
Architects and holds honorary doctor's degrees from his Alma
Mater, Kansas State College, and from the University of Vermont.
He collaborated with the United States Forest Service for many
years, traveling widely over the United States, advising the
government with respect to landscape conservation and making
plans for the development of recreation areas from the Atlantic
Coast to the Pacific.
Frederick Huber Howard
Mr. Frederick Huber Howard, who was awarded the Jackson
Dawson medal in 1941, has distinguished himself in many lines
of horticulture but is best known throughout the country for his
work in creating new roses. His most widely known creation, the
Los Angeles rose, has helped to spread the fame of his native city.
Mr. Howard was born in that California city in 1873, being the
first of 12 children. Five of these children were boys, all of whom
became nurserymen, building between them two of California's
largest nursery establishments.
Mr. Howard has been specializing in roses for 45 years, and
thousands of experiments in hybridizing are carried out each year
at his trial grounds in Montebello, although they are not confined
to roses. Mr. Howard has done much work with cinerarias, amaryl-
lis, asters, dahlias, chrysanthemums, zinnias and verbenas. In 1926
his Amarcrinum howardi won the silver Cory cup awarded an-
nually by the Royal Horticultural Society for the most meritori-
ous novelty in its London show. It was the first time that that
classic cup had been brought to the United States.
Mr. Howard was awarded a gold medal by the American Rose
Society in 1941, as perhaps the outstanding rose hybridist of
America, having produced perhaps 40 recognized and standard
varieties in use today.
MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY
Mr. Henry Hicks
Society's Gold Medal
Miss Elizabeth White
Society's Gold Medal
SPECIAL MEDAL AWARDS IN 1941
Mr. John S. Ames
Society's Gold Medal
Mr. C. J. Van Bourgondien
Thomas Roland Medal
22 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY
C. J. Van Bourgondien
Mr. C. J. Van Bourgondien. awarded the Thomas Roland medal
in 19-41. is widely known for his skill in the cultivation of green-
house plants and in the growing of bulbs. Mr. Van Bourgondien
was born April 5. 1885, at Hillegom. Holland, in the center of the
Dutch bulb district. At an early age he started to travel in England
and the United States selling Holland bulbs for the concern of
K. Van Bourgondien & Sons. In 1915 he married and settled in this
country permanently and in 1918 started in business for himself
and severed relations with the old firm. He is the father of five
John S. Ames
John S. Ames was awarded a gold medal in 1911. He has been
active in various fields of horticulture for many years. He was
one of the trusted advisors of the late Professor Charles S. Sargent
of the Arnold Arboretum, and is a member of the Visiting Com-
mittee of that institution. His interest in forestry has been keen
over a long period, and it was largely through his generosity that
the establishment of the now famous Harvard Forest in Petersham
It was Mr. Ames who introduced the Kurume azalea into the
eastern part of this country, this remarkable plant having been
called to his attention by the late Ernest H. TVilson. the Arnold
Arboretum's famous plant hunter, as a result of a trip to Japan.
This was in 1917. in which year plants were received directly
from the city of Kurume in Japan. Mr. Ames has received many
awards for displays of these azaleas. He was given the Marian
Roby Case cup in 1926. the Walter Hunnewell cup in 1929 and
the Centennial silver medal in 1929. In 1935 he was given both
the president's cup and a gold medal for his exhibit, and in 1931
he was given the Society's large gold medal from the Hunnewell
fund for his estate at North Easton. which has been maintained
at a high level of cultivation for a long term of years. Mr. Ames
has been a trustee of this Society since 1922. and has been treasurer
for the same length of time.
The name of Hicks is an important one in the annals of Ameri-
can horticulture. Mr. Henry Hicks, who was awarded the Gold
Medal of this Societv in 1911. doubtless inherited his love of
SPECIAL MEDAL AWARDS IN 1941 23
horticulture from his grandfather, Isaac Hicks, a Quaker preacher
who founded in 1852 what became a noted nursery business on
Long Island. Henry Hicks was born in 1870 at Westbury, Long
Island, and was graduated from Cornell University in 1892. He
entered the nursery business immediately after graduation and
soon became convinced that native indigenous trees and shrubs
and Asiatic species were much more satisfactory on Long Island
than the trees native to the moist equitable European soil and
The early invention and development of methods for moving
trees was one of the outstanding achievements of Mr. Hicks and
his associates when work of this kind was new. Mr. Hicks takes
particular interest in evergreens and his name will be perpetu-
ated in the yew known as Taxus media hicksi or, in English,
Hick's yew. In recent years he has taken much interest in re-
introducing the shipmast locust.
Mr. Hicks is famous for his generosity and enthusiasm and has
never neglected an opportunity to interest young people in a
scientific education. He is, of course, a member of many organi-
zations and has a wide correspondence throughout the country.
It is gratifying to him and to his friends that his two sons, the
fourth generation from Isaac Hicks, are now active in the business.
Miss Elizabeth White
Blueberries have brought fame to Miss Elizabeth White of
Whitesbog, N. J. Whitesbog is located in the pine barrens of New
Jersey, in a section where native cranberries and blueberries were
harvested long before Columbus discovered America. Years ago
Dr. Frederick V. Colville, chief botanist of the United States
Department of Agriculture, began making experiments in blue-
berry culture in that part of New Jersey. In 1916 about 600
quarts of cultivated blueberries composed the first shipment from
In 1911, Joseph J. White and his daughter Elizabeth began
co-operating with Dr. Colville and after the latter's death con-
tinued his work. As a result, more than 600,000 quarts of blue-
berries were moved from the Whitesbog section in 1936.
Miss White has given much of her life to the development of
the blueberry. She is largely responsible for the development of
what has become an important industry in this country and one
increasing the revenue of many farmers.
Blueberries have not occupied all of her attention, however, for
24 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY
she is interested in other branches of horticulture. Recently, she
has been devoting herself to the improvement of the American
holly, working with Mr. Wilfrid Wheeler in seeking out unusually
good wild forms on Cape Cod.
Mr. Frederick H. Howard
Awarded the Jackson Daiuson Memorial
Medal in 1941.
EXHIBITIONS IN 1942
Spring Flower Show
January 30 and 31
April 30 and May 1
May 4 and 5
May Hand 15
June 17 and 18
August 19 and 20
August 27 and 28
Exhibition of the Products
of Children's Gardens
September 12 and 13 Dahlia Show
November 5 - 8
Gifts to the Library
The Massachusetts Horticultural Society acknowledges with
thanks gifts to the library from the following donors:
Babcock, Mrs. Samuel G.
Nomenclator methodieus florae parisienses. MS. 1780.
Burrage, Mrs. Albert Cameron
The garden library of the late Albert Cameron Burrage, about 2300
volumes and a collection of water color drawings of orchids.
Crosby, Mrs. S. V. R.
A new selection of modern flower arrangements, by Mirei Shigemori.
Selected flower arrangements of the Ohara school, by Moribana and
Curtis, Miss Mary
Clematis, the large and small flowered, by Ernest Markham. 1935.
Deuber, Mr. Carl G.
Vegetative propagation of conifers, by Carl G. Deuber. ( Connecticut
Academy of Arts and Sciences. Trans, v. 34, 1940)
Dittman, Mr. W. Jay
Michigan Dept. of Conservation. Biennial reports 1927-1938.
Natural History, various issues. Jan. 1937-Jan. 1939.
Goddard, Mr. S. J.
British floral decoration, by R. F. Felton. 1910.
Herb Society of America. (Norton Memorial)
Divers chimical conclusions concerning the art of distillation, by
Hugh Plat. 1594, facsim. ed. 1941.
The species of Tradescantia indigenous to the United States, by
Edgar Anderson and R. E. Woodson. 1935.
Lee, Mrs. Joseph
An encyclopedia of gardening, by J. C. Loudon. 1822.
Martin, Mr. William S.
Landscape plans for beautiful gardens, by William S. Martin. 1939.
New England Gladiolus Society
Fischer color chart, by Eugene N. Fischer. 1941.
Pool, Mr. Sterling H.
Gourds of the southeastern Indians, by Frank G. Speck. 1941.
Rubel, Mr, Robert O., Jr.
Botanical Cabinet, by Loddiges and Son, various parts. 1817-1821.
Practical gardener, by Charles Mcintosh. 1828. v. 1.
Steele, Mr. Fletcher
Manual of plant diseases ; ed. 3, by Paul Sorauer. 1922.
Wilson, Mrs. A. Chalmers
Country Life, various issues.
Gardening Illustrated, various issues.
Gardener's Chronicle (Eng.), various issues.
Garden Awards in 1941
The Committee on Gardens recommended that no award of the
Hunnewell medal be made for the year 1941. Several other awards
were made, however, by the Board of Trustees on recommenda-
tion of the committee. These awards were as follows :
The Society's gold medal to Mrs. C. D. Armstrong, Osterville, for a large
The Society's silver medal to Mr. Charles 0. Dexter, for the excellent way
in which his Summer place at Sandwich has been laid out and planted.
The Society's silver medal to Mrs. Charles G. Weld, for a charming Spring
garden, with special emphasis on tulips, at her home in Brookline.
A scroll to the First Church of Christ, Scientist, for the large and well
kept garden in front of the Mother Church on Huntington Avenue in
A certificate of culture to Mr. L. G. Bruggemann of Hingham, for his
success in growing delphiniums of unusual size and excellence.
Mr. L. G. Bruggemann
Awarded a Cultural Certificate on recommendation
of the garden committee.
Garden Clubs Not Members of the
Acton Center Garden Club.
President, Mrs. Elwin Hollowell, R. F. D., Concord.
Secretary, Mrs. Lynne P. Townsend, Acton.
Attleboro Garden Club.
President, Mr. Fred S. Huff, Pike Ave., Attleboro.
Secretary, Mrs. Arthur V. Gustafson, 173 Pike Ave., Attleboro.
Bernardston Garden Club.
President, Mrs. Margaret Dunnell, South St., Bernardston.
Secretary, Mrs. Georgianna Herrick, Northfield Rd., Bernardston.
Beverly Improvement Society.
President, Miss Winnifred P. Upton, 10 Highland Ave., Beverly.
Secretary, Miss Carrie Edgett, 8 Corning St., Beverly.
Bourne, Aptucxet Garden Club.
President, Mrs. George Ballantine, Cataumet.
Secretary, Mrs. Willis Swift, Cataumet.
Bridgewater Garden Club.
President, Mrs. Albert F. Hunt, 28 School St., Bridgewater.
Secretary, Mrs. Donald Atwood, Grove St., Bridgewater.
Brockton Garden Club.
President, Mrs. Edward A. Keith, 30 W. Chestnut St., Campello.
Secretary, Mrs. Frederic L. Chamberlain, 20 Oakland Ave., Brockton.
C hartley Garden Club
President, Mrs. Howard Crowe, Chartley.
Secretary, Mrs. Millard Ashley, Sturdy St., Attleboro.
Clinton Woman's Club, Department of Gardens.
Chairman, Mrs. A. D. Perham, 536 High St., Clinton.
Secretary, Mrs. William Hoffman, Clinton.
Cohasset, Amateur Gardeners.
President, Mrs. Burt Bristol, Summer St., Cohasset.
Secretary, Mrs. William R. May, Cedar Lane, Cohasset.
Easton Garden Club.
President, Mr. Gustaf Rydholm, 21 Holmes St., North Easton.
Secretary, Miss Anna Sheehan, North Easton.
Endicott Garden Club.
President, Mrs. Ruth Bestwick, Taylor Rd., Dedham.
Secretary, Mrs. Clara Cobbett, Sprague St., Dedham.
32 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY
Franklin Garden Club.
President, Mrs. Harry J. Geb, 28 High St., Franklin.
Secretary, Mrs. Mar} 7 L. Bly, 95 Park Rd., Franklin.
Georgetown Garden Club.
President, Mrs. Alice Stetson, 17 Spoffard Ave., Georgetown.
Secretary, Miss Hattie Wilde, 125 Central St., Georgetown.
Hampden Garden Club.
President, Mr. James Morgan, Mountain Rd., Hampden.
Secretary, Miss Ernestine 0. Bliss, Box 128, Hampden.
Hampshire County Garden Club.
President, Mrs. Warren D. McAvoy, Village Hill Rd., Williamsburg.
Secretary, Mrs. A. L. Judge, 109 Chestnut St.. Northampton.
Hanover Garden Club.
President, Mrs. John Stewart, Hanover.
Secretary, Miss Margaret Crowell, Norwell.
Holden Garden Club.
President, Mrs. A. Kirke Warren, Holden.
Secretary, Mrs. Herman S. Smith, Holden.
Holliston Garden Club.
President, Mrs. Roy T. Wells, Concord St., Holliston.
Secretary, Mrs. William B. Allen, Marshall St., Holliston.
Hopedale Woman's Club, Garden Department of.
President, Mrs. Roy Hayward, 7 Union St., Hopedale.
Secretary, Mrs. Alfred French, Jr., Union St., Hopedale.
Hopkinton Garden Club.
President, Miss Nellie J. Kirby, Waleott St., Hopkinton.
Secretary, Mrs. Florence L. Guyton, Claflin Ave., Hopkinton.
Hubbardston Continuation Club.
President, Mrs. Richard Lyon, Hubbardston.
Secretary, Mrs. Willard Slade, Hubbardston.
Mansfield, New Century Club, Garden Department of
President, Mrs. Harry R. Howe, 74 Rumford Ave., Mansfield.
Secretary, Mrs. Clara Giles, N. Main St., Mansfield.
Marblehead Woman's Club, Conservation and Garden Group of.
President, Mrs. William H. Riley, 37 Harris St., Marblehead.
Secretary, Mrs. Robert Moore, Birch St., Marblehead.
Marlboro Garden Club.
President, Mrs. Joseph L. Benson, 74 Newton St., Marlboro.
Secretary, Miss Alice L. Hart, 125 Newton St., Marlboro.
GARDEN CLUBS NOT MEMBERS OF MASSACHUSETTS FEDERATION 33
Marthas Vineyard Garden Club.
President, Mrs. Wilfrid 0. White, Vineyard Haven.
Secretary, Miss Amy Ferris, Vineyard Haven.
Medford Hillside, Garden Group of the Mothers' Club of.
President, Mrs. V. R. Harris, 9 Woodland Ave., Medford.
Secretary, Mrs. W. T. Larkin, 16 Dearborn St., Medford.
Monson Garden Club.
President, Mrs. Henry C. Sanderson, Wilbraham Rd., Monson.
Secretary, Mrs. Belle Morris, Palmer Road, Monson.
Needham, Men's Garden Club of.
President, Mr. Stanley B. Wheeler, 47 Emerson Rd., Needham.
Secretary, Mr. George M. Wragg, 178 West St., Needham Heights.
Newton Upper Falls Garden Club.
President, Mrs. Frank Mordo, 5 Summer St., Newton Upper Falls.
Secretary, Mrs. James E. Tully, 51 High St., Newton Upper Falls.
North Attleboro Garden Club.
President, Mrs. 0. L. Schubert, South St., Plainville.
Secretary, Mr. Harry L. Dixon, South St., Plainville.
Oxford Garden Club.
President, Mrs. William W. Taft, Box 312, Oxford.
Secretary, Mrs. Maurice Healy, Oxford.
Pelham Woman's Club, Garden Section of.
President, Mrs. Herman Goodell, R. D. 2, Amherst.
Secretary, Mrs. Raymond C. Robinson, R. D. 2, Amherst.
Pembroke-Hanson Garden Club.
President, Mrs. William Walkey, Hanson.
Secretary, Mrs. Garland Brooks, Hanson.
Pepperell Garden Club.
President, Miss Bertha Colson, R. F. D., Pepperell.
Secretary, Mrs. Franklin C. Wiley, Box 113, Pepperell.
Rehoboth Garden Club.
President, Mrs. Elliot F. Parker, Bay State Rd., Rehoboth.
Secretary, Mrs. Almanza H. Kilroy, Summer St., Rehoboth.
Rochester Garden Club.
President, Mrs. Henry Olanssen, Rochester.
Secretary, Mrs. Chester Cowen, Rochester.
Shelburne Falls Garden Club.
President, Mr. C. L. Severance, 16 Maple St., Shelburne Falls.
Secretary, Mrs. Fred M. Schontag, 51 Prospect St., Shelburne Falls.
34 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY
Sohanno Garden Club.
President, Mrs. George L. Dodd, Lake Archer, Wrentham.
Secretary, Mrs. Harry Metcalf, 97 Franklin St., Wrentham.
Southborough Woman's Club, Garden Group of.
President, Mrs. George Gay, Southborough.
Secretary, Mrs. Chester M. Bean, Box 52, Cordaville.
Southbridge Garden Club.
President, Mrs. Frank A. Morey, 32 Maple St., Southbridge.
South Warrex Community Garden Club.
President, Mrs. Kenneth Tuttle, R. F. D. 1, West Brookfteld.
Secretary, Mrs. D. Walker Cheney, R. F. D., Brimfield.
Spencer Garden Club.
President, Miss Nellie Sullivan, 2 Emmett St., Spencer.
Secretary, Miss Margaret M. Kane, N. Spencer Rd., Spencer.
Stoneham Garden Club.
President, Mrs. John P. English, 37 Maple St., Stoneham.
Secretary, Miss Laura Lee, 220 William St., Stoneham.
Sunderland Woman's Club, Garden Section of.
Chairman, Mrs. Kenneth S. Williams, Sunderland.
Secretary, Mrs. Henry J. Rohrs, Sunderland.
Swansea, Country Garden Club of.
President, Mrs. Ralph Loper, Touisset.
Secretary, Mrs. Chester D. Borden, 21 Highland PL, Fall River.
Tewksrury Garden Club.
President, Mrs. George A. Ward, Tewksburv.
Secretary, Mrs. William H. Dewing, Tewskburv.
Ware Social Science Club.
President, Mrs. James G. McNett, Elm St., Ware.
Secretary, Mrs. J. Gardiner Lincoln, Church St., Ware.
Webster Garden Club.
President, Miss Kate M. Dobbie, 384 School St., Webster.
Secretary, Mrs. Spaulding Bartlett, 516 Main St., Webster.
Westborough Garden Club.
President, Mrs. Ruby W. Stone, 9 Ruggles St., Westborough.
Secretary, Miss Dorothy Weeks, 8 Fisher St., Westborough.
West Bridgewater Garden Club.
President, Miss Hampe, South St., West Bridgewater.
Secretary, Mrs. Charlotte Hurley, Monument Sq., West Bridgewater.
GARDEN CLUBS NOT MEMBERS OF MASSACHUSETTS FEDERATION 35
West Dennis Garden Club.
President, Miss Marguerite Sheridan, Box 137, West Dennis.
Secretary, Mrs. W. H. Heptonstall, Box 6, West Dennis.
West Newbury Garden Club.
President, Mrs. George E. Hale, 35 Main St., West Newbury.
Secretary, Mrs. Parker H. Nason, 347 Main St., West Newbury.
Weston Garden Club.
President, Mrs. William C. Conant, Newton St., Weston.
Secretary, Mrs. Mortimer T. Farley, 95 Summer St., Weston.
Whitinsville Woman's Club Garden Group.
President, Mrs. Edmund Taft, Hill St., Whitinsville.
Secretary, Mrs. Edward A. Bailard, Main St., Linwood.
Whitman Men's Garden Club.
President, Mr. William Churchill, 17 Burton Ave., Whitman.
Secretary, Mr. Lester Quinlan, 1215 Washington St., North Abington.
Whitman, Women's Garden Club of.
President, Mrs. Charles H. Crocker, 25 Wilmot St., Whitman.
Secretary, Miss Helena Pearson, 20 Gold St., Whitman.
Wilbraham Women's Club, Garden Group of.
Leader, Mrs. Harry L. Piper, Glendale, Rd. ; North Wilbraham.
The following is a list of the members of the Massachusetts
Horticultural Society whose deaths were reported during the year
ending May 1, 1942.
Mrs. Rodolphe L.Agassiz
Mrs. Jennie C. Anderson
Mr. Nathan Anthony
Mr. Henry Saltonstall Appleton
Mrs. Paul Bacon
Mr. Judson Baldwin
Mrs. George C. Beals
Mr. Alberton D. Breding
Mr. Joseph Brewer
Mrs. Howard W. Brown
Mr. Walter T. Bryant
Miss Emily D. Chapman
Mr. George B. Clements
Mr. R. S. Codman
Mrs. John H. Coes
Mr. N. Edwin Covel
Mr. Erskine H. Cox
Mrs. Helen M. Craig
Mrs. George A. Craigin
Mr. Ernest B. Dane
Mrs. Frank F. Davidson
Mrs. Carl A. de Gersdorff
Mr. Paul DeNave
Mrs. Charles A. Dummer
Mrs. Edward C. Emerson
Mr. W. E. Fischer
Mr. Josiah H. Gifford
Mr. Howard F. Goodrich
Mrs. James D. Gordon
Mr. Elijah S. Gorney
Mr. Donald C. Gray
Mrs. Jerome D. Greene
Mr. John C. Haartz
Miss Annie K. Hardy
Mrs. C. M. Hart
Mr. Samuel Henshaw
Sir Arthur W. Hill
Mrs. W. E. Houghton
Mrs. Joshua C. Kelley
Mrs. Charles Keyes
Mr. Arthur Kidder
Mrs. Henry P. King
Mr. Charles H. Knights
Mrs. E. LeRoy Lane
Rt. Rev. William Lawrence
Mrs. George A. Libby
Mrs. Mary Luddy
Mr. Herbert Lyman
Mr. Brion J. Manion
Mr. Alfred H. Marchant
Mr. James Marlborough
Mrs. Archibald C. McKillop
Mr. Alexander P. Montgomery
Mr. William A. Muller
Mr. Raymond H. Oveson
Miss Imogene L. Owen
Mrs. Anna L. Page
Miss Frances T. Paine
Mrs. Frank E. Poland
Mr. James C. Porter
Mrs. S. U. Prescott
Mrs. Gilman Pritchard
Mrs. Alex Quackenboss
Mrs. Chester Allyn Reed
Mr. William C. Rice
Mrs. A. M. Ricker
Mrs. Edward S. Robinson
Mr. Henry Wilson Ross
Mrs. Lillian Bridges Rowell
Mrs. Francis W. Sargent
Mrs. Daniel K. Snow
Miss Dora N. Spalding
Mr. William S. Spaulding
Mr. Clarence E. Sprague
Professor George E. Stone
Mr. John N. Summers
Mrs. Eliza R. Sumner
Mrs. Mary S. Thomas
Miss Abby Allan Todd
Mrs. Horace F. Tuttle
Mr. J. M. Wattendorf
Mrs. Thomas G. Webber
Mr. Rudolph Weld
Mrs. Arthur C. Whitney
Mrs. Robert Wade Williams
Mr. Herman L. Winter
Miss Lucia E. Wiswell
Benevolent Fraternity Fruit and
The Benevolent Fraternity Fruit and Flower Mission started
its work 73 years ago in the vestry of the Hollis Street Church
under the guidance of Miss Helen W. Tinkham; the church was
sold and became the Hollis Street Theatre ; the theatre was de-
molished to give way to a parking space but the Mission has pros-
pered through the years and it is privileged once again to express
its sincere appreciation to the trustees of the Massachusetts Hor-
ticultural Society for its headquarters room in the basement of
Horticultural Hall, for the unfailing co-operation of Mr. Farring-
ton and the sympathetic interest of Mr. Graves in his broadcast
references to our work ; also for the loyalty of Mrs. Hollis Webster
as horticultural chairman for stressing our needs in the issues of
It is with a deep feeling of gratitude to all of our friends,
including many garden club members, that I am able to report
progress during the past year.
Seven hundred and seventy-six hampers, cartons, etc., were
received in the four months of the 1941 hamper season, the high-
est total in our history, and their contents provided a pathway
of flowers through some of the tenement districts and brightened
weekly an Army and Navy Recreation Centre.
Duxbury is still the banner town. One day showed an aggregate
of 17^2 hours of picking in Mrs. Bittinger's garden.
Lexington follows closely in second place. Both towns con-
tributed generously also to the holiday baskets and gave financial
Twenty-eight Spring flower show tickets from Mrs. Geoffrey
Whitney brought hope and courage to men and women who had
The sod from the border of Breck's exhibit at the Spring show
was carted in little express wagons by grateful recipients for the
backyard gardens under the supervision of the Boston Tubercu-
Many hospital wards were made gay after the peony and
The Massachusetts Horticultural Society enables us to meet the
constantly growing needs.
Emily I. Elliott, Executive Secretary.
ANNOUNCING PUBLICATION OF A SUPPLEMENT
TO THE SELECTED CATALOGUE
OF THE LIBRARY
A supplement to the 1936 catalogue is now available. It is a
booklet of 30 pages, and combines into a single classified list the
record of books added to the library between 1936 and the Spring
of 1942. During that period many books have been published and
several important advances have been made in the science of horti-
Under normal conditions a complete revision of the catalogue
would be due, but neither time nor funds are available in the
present emergency. At the same time, the need for well-informed
and competent gardeners was never greater.
Members of the Society in all parts of the country may borrow
books from the library, and they are invited to send to the
librarian their questions about books and about gardening prob-
lems that books may help to solve.
Miss Dorothy S. Manks, Librarian
Massachusetts Horticultural Society
300 Massachusetts Ave., Boston, Mass.
Please send me a copy of the 1942 Supplement to the Selected
Catalogue of the Library. I enclose a three-cent stamp to pay the
cost of mailing.
City and State
"The Great Smokies" Brought to Boston
An outstanding exhibit at the 1942 Spring Flower Show was a mag-
nificent spectacle set up by Harlan P. Kelsey, Inc., of East Boxford,
featuring the famous mountains of North Carolina where native
plants are to be found in greater variety than anywhere else in the
WJ\ggtH»aM(Bi - ♦< . ?e
L ■£ 1 1 JKly 1 ^ ^m^^**$%& • * ^i2^^ *■■%!&
,$.yt\- :■'"-- -^H^ >,;V ^ , ■ ,
: 1» % *;,Sjfe
*w, x -tv .
Lily Garden at the 1942 Spring Show
T7m garden teas set up by Mr. and Mrs. M. M. Van Beuren of New-
port, and their superintendent, Joseph Winsock, brought together
a greater number of lilies than has ever been assembled at any other
flower show in America.
OFFICERS and COMMITTEES
Presented at the
ANNUAL MEETING, MAY 4, 1942
Annual Meeting, 1942
The annual meeting of the Massachusetts Horticultural Society
was held in Horticultural Hall at 3 :00 p.m. on Monday, May 4,
1942. The president, Mr. Edwin S. Webster was in the chair and
named as tellers, Mr. Edwin F. Steffek, Miss Faith Freeman and
Mrs. Margaret Peters. The secretary read the call for the meeting
after which the president presented his annual address which was
followed by reports of the secretary and treasurer and the chair-
men of the various committees.
The President's Address
When I am asked about the prospects of this Society while the
war is going on, I have to admit, of course, that I am no prophet ;
but, nevertheless, I am distinctly optimistic. I read that the Royal
Horticultural Society enrolled more new members last year than
it did the year before, and that it still has a total of 35,000, and
I see no reason to believe that horticulture in America will be less
courageous or less active than horticulture in England.
I recognize, of course, that the coming year will bring many
problems and some difficult situations. It is certain that no organi-
zation serving the public to such an extent as our own can con-
tinue its work without adjusting itself to the new conditions
which have been brought about by the war. This Society is making
these adjustments. Its major prospects have to do with food pro-
duction, food preservation and nutrition, all of which must prove
vital factors in the winning of the war.
The secretary has twice gone to Washington by invitation of
the Department of Agriculture to discuss the production of food
in home gardens, and the articles on this subject appearing in our
publication Horticulture have been widely quoted. This Society
has been working closely with the state extension service and has
sponsored two important conferences held in this building. It has
worked with the garden club federation in the establishment of
information centers all through the state and has established an
information center in this building which the Secretary will tell
you more about in his report. The Massachusetts Committee on
Public Safety has set up a large nutritional exhibit in one of our
halls, which is open for your inspection.
The Society has the government's co-operation in putting on a
series of lectures and demonstrations on canning, preserving and
nutrition throughout the entire months of July and August.
44 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY
Classes in these subjects will be conducted three days each week
and the Society will provide the equipment, so that all the differ-
ent operations involved in home canning can be carried out.
It is hardly possible to put too much stress on the value of this
work because of the necessity of maintaining our people in good
health. These classes will be open to the general public without
charge. This is also true of the classes in general gardening, which
are being carried on each Tuesday afternoon and evening.
The use of the hall is being given on various occasions for such
purposes as the registration of men for selective service and for
classes conducted by the state. You will see from all this that the
Society is doing a real job in developing important war-time
I think that these activities are reflected in the membership
situation. For two years I have had to report a decline in mem-
bership, but I am happy to say that the tide has turned, judging
from the past year's figures. The latest returns handed to me show
a membership of 7,117 as against the lowest point, which was
The co-operation of all of our members is needed to retain our
membership at this level and to make the advance to which we
feel we are entitled. ^lany losses occur every year. In the last 12
months almost 90 members were lost by death. Sixteen of these
were life members and I am forced to say that the number of life
members on our rolls grows smaller each year.
I wish that a greater number of young people could be brought
into the Society. In former years, many of the older members
took out memberships in the names of their children or their
grandchildren. Not infrequently they were life memberships. It
would be a great help to the Society if this practice could be
continued. The future of the organization depends upon the in-
terest shown in its work by the younger generation and this
interest can be stimulated through the efforts of parents who
appreciate the work which the Society is doing and the rewards
which it offers to those who participate in its activities.
The Spring flower show, one of the Society's major activities,
is depended upon to produce sufficient revenue each year to pay
for the smaller shows, which are free, throughout the Summer
and Fall months. I feel that I should be quite candid in what I
say to the members, but when I report that the attendance and
financial receipts from this year's show fell off about 20 per cent,
I have nothing to apologize for. This was almost exactly the rate
of diminishing returns reported by flower show managements in
ANNUAL MEETING, 1942 45
all the large cities — New York, Philadelphia, St. Louis, Chicago
and Detroit. In my opinion, this year's show itself was one of the
most outstanding exhibitions ever staged by the Massachusetts
Horticultural Society and one which reflects the greatest credit
upon all those who had a part in putting it on.
I have recommended, however, that the 1943 Spring exhibition
be held in Horticultural Hall and I believe that my recommenda-
tion has been adopted. I feel that the risk involved in staging a
great flower show, costing a large amount of money, in Mechanics
Building, under the conditions which are certain to exist next
March is far too great for an organization like this to assume.
Steps have been taken to provide for a much larger show than
ever before has been possible in our building. A large elevator
which has been installed at the rear of the building leads directly
to a commodious hall on the second floor — a hall which in the
past has been reserved for storage purposes, but which can be
used to great advantage for flower show exhibits.
More room is also available on the mezzanine floor, and with
almost the entire building available, a Spring show can be put
on at Horticultural Hall which will compare favorably with those
in Mechanics Building, even though it may be somewhat different
It is planned to hold the Summer and Autumn shows this year
as usual but with modifications brought about by war-time con-
ditions. The exhibition commmittee is studying this whole situa-
tion and doubtless will make such changes in the new schedules
as will be needed to fit them into the present-day picture and serve
the best interests of the Society, as well as giving something of
real value to those who visit the shows. I recommend to the com-
mittee that it give particular attention to the fruit and vegetable
show with a view to increasing exhibits on the part of amateurs,
and to the Autumn exhibition, especially if that exhibition is to
be continued as one to which admission is charged.
I am glad to learn that we have been working in very close
co-operation with the garden clubs in their efforts to promote
home gardens on a sound and sane basis. We are very happy to
have the state federation as a tenant and we appreciate, too, the
support and help given us by our other tenants, the American
Herb Society, New England Wild Flower Preservation Society,
Benevolent Fruit and Flower Mission, New England Gourd
Society, New England Gladiolus Society and splendid old Boston
Mycological Club. All of these organizations are doing excellent
work and are helping to maintain the morale of our people.
46 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY
We believe that this Society is coming to have an even more
important place in the life of this city and this state than ever
before, and we recognize the responsibilities resulting therefrom.
We accept these responsibilities and trust that our renewed and
continued efforts will be of genuine, worthwhile service.
Edwin S. Webster, President.
The Secretary's Report
Special efforts were made throughout the year 1941 to put this
building in the best possible physical condition. This was done in
anticipation of probable shortages. Two important improvements
were made. One was the installation of a combined passenger and
freight elevator, which takes the place of an old-fashioned hand
hoist which has been in operation for the past 40 years. It is
expected that this new elevator will be found particularly useful
if, as the president has suggested, the Spring Flower Show in
1943 be held in this building.
The second improvement was the installation of alternating
current throughout the building, taking the place of the direct
current system which has been in use heretofore, but which was
inconvenient because most electrical appliances are made for
alternating current. Direct current still comes into the building,
however, and is used for operating the No. 1 elevator, inasmuch
as any change in powering this elevator would have meant in-
stalling a new motor at large expense. It is only within the last
year that alternating current has been available in this section.
It was brought in after many months of pressure exerted by
Symphony Hall and this organization, as well as other users of
electricity in this neighborhood.
With the outbreak of the war it became necessary to provide
for black-out^, which has been done by installing black-out cur-
tains in the lecture room and the ante-room adjoining and in the
small exhibition hall. Incidentally, these black-out curtains have
made these halls much more satisfactory for the showing of stere-
optican pictures and motion pictures in daylight hours.
Provision has also been made for blacking-out the entrance hall
but this work has not been extended to the large exhibition hall,
although blue lights have been installed for emergencies. If this
hall should be in use when the sirens announce a black-out, all
persons in the hall will be requested to pass into the two halls
furnished with black-out curtains. The blue lights will make it
possible for the clearing of the hall without confusion, even
ANNUAL MEETING, 1942
though the white lights be extinguished. Attention is called to
the flags which have been hung in both the large exhibition hall
and the entrance lobby.
For several years efforts have been made to devise some means
by which to make the entrance to the building more prominent.
It has not been unusual for strangers to experience difficulty in
locating the proper door. Criticism has been heard also for several
years to the effect that visitors have difficulty in identifying this
building, as the inscription "The Massachusetts Horticultural
Society" which appears on the front of the building, is too high
The Massachusetts Horticultural Society began encouraging garden-
ing for children as early as 1872, when it offered prizes for children's
window gardens. This picture showing youthful gardeners on their
way to Horticultural Hall for a June exhibition appeared in a book
published about 1S90. This book is in the Society's library.
to be seen from the sidewalk. The trustees met both of these situ-
ations by having the words "Horticultural Hall" cut into the stone
work over the center door and by having metal frames installed
at each side of this door with inserts giving the name of the
building, the date on which it was erected and other information
or, on special occasions, announcements of coming exhibitions or
other events. This has proved a happy solution to a problem which
has come before the board over a long period.
The Society has been obliged to readjust its activities in many
ways because of war-time conditions. For several months it has
been conducting lectures and classes each week and is planning
to expand this work as the season progresses. Members of its staff
48 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY
have answered calls for outside lectures on war gardens and other
topics and have carried on a radio program every Saturday
morning for more than a year. Newspaper releases have been sent
out when they seemed to be needed and two important confer-
ences have been held here to discuss war gardening and the need
for instruction in canning and nutrition.
I am glad to say that rentals have remained good, the total
receipts from this source last year being $4,764.81 a slight gain
over the rentals of 1940. This is the largest amount received from
rentals since 1935. This building has again become a favorite with
persons conducting rummage sales. No less than 26 rummage sales
were held there in the year 1941.
As usual the Society received a substantial payment from
Mount Auburn Cemetery at the beginning of this year, the
amount being $2,330.
The Society has undertaken an active campaign to promote the
eradication of poison ivy, which has become a very serious pest
in this state, even hampering defense work. Much research has
been given to this subject and the Society will shortly issue a
bulletin summing up the results of this work. The Society is also
continuing to distribute its bulletin on the Japanese beetle and
the way in which to control the elm leaf beetle.
Fewer lectures have been held the past year than usual because
of the many other activities in which the Society has been en-
gaged. The usual open house was dispensed with this year because
of prevailing conditions but the 14 different organizations having
their headquarters or their meeting place in Horticultural Hall
are continuing their work with uninterrupted vigor. The Garden
Club Federation has been especially active in defense garden work
and the American Herb Society has been receiving a large amount
of mail because of its bulletins dealing with the selection of sage
and various medicinal herbs.
The secretary is grateful to the trustees and committees for their
kindness and support throughout the year and extends his thanks
to the members of his staff for their co-operation and help.
E. I. Farrington, Secretary.
ANNUAL MEETING, 1942 49
Report of the Treasurer
STATEMENT OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AT
DECEMBER 31, 1941
Cash in Banks and on Hand $ 34,342.15
Treasurer: In bank $ 25,378.65
In hands of broker 128.95
Bursar: In bank 7,253.00
On hand 10.00
Savings bank deposits 1,571.55
Investments — Valued at cost 552,030.34
Capital Assets — see note 1 579,736.70
Real estate $498,564.63
Improvements and additions to buildings 34,591.60
Deferred Charges : Spring show 1942 4,698.71
Note 1 : Depreciation on capital assets has not been provided for.
Liabilities and Capital Funds
Liabilities — Accounts payable $ 90.95
Sundry Funds 459,208.96
Special uses: Principal $168,913.73
Unexpended income 10,251.93
General uses : Principal 280,043.30
Donations Special 827.18
Life Membership Fees 23,444.00
Mount Auburn Cemetery Fund 55,053.52
Library Cataloging Fund 28.28
Surplus (Capital) 54,525.09
Balance, January 1, 1941 $ 50,209.07
Add : Gain on sales securities 4,316.02
Surplus (Earned) 13,105.22
Balance, January 1, 1941 $ 9,097.09
Add: Income over expenditures 7,011.78
50 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY
Transfer to Show Fund $ 3,000.00
Expenses paid on 1939 Spring Show 3.65
STATEMENT OF INCOME AND EXPENDITURES
Year Ended Year Ended
Income December 31, 1941 December 31, 1940
Income from investments and
bank interest (less proportion
allocated to restricted funds) $25,545.00 $26,543.24
Membership fees 19,003.50 19,386.00
Rentals 4.764.81 4,734.71
Spring Show— 1941 37,238.42
Spring Show— 1940 24,085.30
Incidentals 298.55 365.05 .
Sundry donations 15.00 50.00
Operating Expenses :
Building expenses $25,164.13 $17,583.52
Library expenses 6,159.19 6,535.88
Office and general expenses . 39,074.57 35,764.18
Misc. exhibition expenses . . 6,510.10 5,689.62
Autumn Show— 1941 999.63
Autumn Show— 1940 1,043.59
Awards, Lectures, and Miscellaneous :
Lectures 56.14 61.19
Medals and certificates 524.40 714.62
Prizes in excess of funds . . . 719.50 640.00
Add: Horticulture loss 645.84 792.20
Excess of Income Over Expenditures —
Transf erred to Surplus Earned $ 7,011.78 $ 6,339.50
INVESTMENTS AT DECEMBER 31, 1941
Rate Maturity Cost
% Date Value
$10,000 Adams Express Co 4 6/1/47 $10,342.82
15,000 Alabama Power Co 5 6/1/51 14,999.73
5,000 Allis Chalmers Manufacturing Co 4 9/1/52 5,100.00
4,000 Anaconda Copper Mining Co 4y 2 10/1/50 3,663.75
ANNUAL MEETING, 1942 51
15,000 Atlantic Coast Line Railroad Co 4 7/1/52 14,608.11
15,000 Central Pacific Ry. Co. Through Short
Line 4 10/1/54 14,943.75
15,000 Central States Power and Light Co 5V 2 1/1/53 14,850.00
15,000 Community Power and Light Co 5 3/1/57 10,801.95
10,000 Electric Power and Light 5 2/1/2030 8,676.29
15,000 Florida Power and Light Co 5 1/1/54 12,979.21
10,000 Kentucky Utilities Co 4y 2 2/1/55 10,150.00
15,000 Louisville and Nashville R. R. Co 3y 2 1/1/50 15,150.00
15,000 Louisiana Power and Light 5 12/1/57 15,634.39
15,000 Michigan Consolidated Gas Co 4 9/1/63 15,102.50
15,000 National Distillers Products Co 3y 2 3/1/49 15,746.90
5,000 North American Co 3 l / 2 2/1/49 5,044.62
1,000 Old Colony Investment Trust 4y 2 2/1/47 1,007.50
14,000 Potomac Edison Co 5 11/1/56 12,222.22
20,000 Puget Sound Power & Light Co 5y 2 6/1/49 17,445.00
15,000 Railway & Light Securities Co 3% 12/1/55 15,112.50
10,000 Union Pacific R. R, Co 4 7/1/47 7,952.99
10,000 York Railways 5 12/1/47 9,976.38
Total bonds $251,510.61
100 American Can Co $10,237.95
140 American Telephone & Telegraph Co 20,980.15
100 American Tobacco Co. "B" 10,200.23
200 Buffalo, Niagara and Eastern Power Co. Pfd 4,150.00
26 Commercial Credit Corp )
150 Commercial Credit Corp. 4y 2 % Conv. Pfd J 16,774.53
200 Connecticut Light & Power 8,500.00
200 Continental Insurance Co 8,934.00
200 Continental Oil Co 3,978.20
400 Curtis Wright "A" 10,360.32
265 136 / 600 Electric Bond & Share )
2,192 General Electric Co \ 13 > 4 89.83
200 Engineers Public Service $5.50 Pfd 14,400.00
300 Eastern Utilities Asso 6,900.00
200 First National Bank of Boston 9,800.00
200 Indianapolis Power & Light Co 4.800.00
20 International Match Realization Co. Ltd. v.t.c 3,561.25
500 National Power and Light Co. $6.00 Pfd 50,750.00
100 Newport News Shipbuilding and Dry Dock Co.
$5.00 Cum. Pfd 10,200.00
160 North American Co. $3.00 Pfd 6,871.50
100 Northern States Power Co. 7% Pfd 7,548.75
100 Phoenix Insurance Co 9,325.00
365 2 /e Radio Corporation of America
500 Southern California Edison Co. 5y 2 % Pfd 13,750.00
52 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY
582 Tampa Electric Co 17,658.12
200 Underwood Eliott Fisher 8,017.90
200 United Fruit 12,660.00
100 United Gas Corp. $7.00 Pfd 9,922.00
100 U. S. Smelting, Refining & Mining Co. Pfd 6,750.00
Total stocks $300,519.73
SUNDRY FUNDS AT DECEMBER 31, 1941
Income to Be Used for Special Purposes
Total Income Principal
Samuel Appleton Fund $ 1,000.00 $ $ 1,000.00
Josiah Bradley Fund 1,000.00 1,000.00
Albert Cameron Burrage— Library 34,810.88 4,810.88 30,000.00
Albert Cameron Burrage— Show 20,232.00 232.00 20,000.00
Albert Cameron Burrage— Porch Fund 1,560.37 310.37 1,250.00
John C. Chaffin Fund 1,000.89 .89 1,000.00
William N. Craig Fund 2,819.92 319.92 2,500.00
Benjamin B. Davis Fund 500.00 500.00
Jackson Dawson Memorial Fund 3,694.62 467.62 3,227.00
John S. Farlow Fund 2,511.21 11.21 2,500.00
John S. Farlow Fund — Newton
Horticultural Society 2,900.42 2,900.42
Benjamin V. French Fund No. 1 500.00 500.00
Benjamin V. French Fund No. 2 3,000.00 3,000.00
John Allen French Fund 5,000.61 .61 5,000.00
John D. Williams French Fund 12,237.43 555.55 11,681.88
Henry A. Gane Memorial Fund 1,000.00 1,000.00
H. H. Hunnewell Fund No. 1 879.25 379.25 500.00
H. H. Hunnewell Fund No. 2 2,248.87 248.87 2,000.00
H. H. Hunnewell Fund No. 3 1,500.00 1,500.00
Nathaniel T. Kidder Fund . . «. 5,500.00 500.00 5,000.00
John A. Lowell Fund 1,000.00 1,000.00
Theodore Lyman Fund No. 1 1,000.00 1,000.00
Theodore Lyman Fund No. 2 10,000.00 10,000.00
Benjamin H. Pierce Fund 800.09 .09 800.00
Thomas Roland Fund 3,426.51 426.51 3,000.00
John Lewis Russell Fund 1,523.58 523.58 1,000.00
Show Fund 42,200.00 42,200.00
William J. Walker Fund 2,354.49 .06 2,354.43
Levi Whitcomb Fund 504.50 4.50 500.00
ANNUAL MEETING, 1942 53
George Robert White Fund 11,456.52 1,456.52 10,000.00
Marshall P. Wilder Fund 1,003.50 3.50 1,000.00
Total $179,165.66 $10,251.93 $168,913.73
Income to Be Used for General Purposes
Anonymous Funds $ 1,000.00 $ 1,000.00
Louis G. Appleby Legacy 200.00 200.00
Albert Cameron Burrage Fund 1,200.00 1,200.00
John Chaney Fund 1,000.00 1,000.00
Helen Collamore Fund 5,000.00 5,000.00
Arthur F. Estabrook Legacy 50,000.00 50,000.00
Ida F. Estabrook Legacy 11,638.76 11,638.76
Caroline S. Freeman Fund 10,000.00 10,000.00
Frances Brown Hayes Bequest 189,904.54 189,904.54
Frances Brown Hayes Fund 10,000.00 10,000.00
Margaret Whitney Legacy 100.00 100.00
INCOME AND EXPENSES OF THE SPRING SHOWS
IN 1941 AND 1940
Income Spring Show, 1941 Spring Show, 1940
Regular admissions $61,739.50 $52,396.25
Trade tickets 2,940.00 2,595.00
Students' tickets 22.50 5.50
Members' tickets 7,611.50 7,394.00
Garden Club tickets 14,103.75 10,924.10
Trade space 9,320.96 9,181.67
Restaurant 1,501.93 1,217.27
Flower booth 6,679.73 5,151.73
Less : Flower booth expense . 5,097.60 4,106.25
■ — 1,582.13 1,045.48
Programs 1,857.19 1,825.51
Check room 216.93 317.50
Supplies sold 463.85
Less : Cost of supplies sold 373.38
Miscellaneous 2.70 4.05
Carting $ 221.17 $ 164.80
Committee expense 65.10 35.87
Committee fees 270.00 315.00
54 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY
Decorating 2,131.25 1,678.00
Garden club expenses 1,000.00 1,200.00
Insurance 231.58 231.58
Judges' expense 482,99 492.68
Labor 3,077.96 2,783.08
Manager's salary and bonus . . . 6,387.60 4,926.14
Manager's expenses 216.96 125.53
Music 162.50 170.00
Plant material and forcing .... 1,255.05 409.20
Police 500.00 500.00
Postage, stationer}' and supplies 788.70 544.99
Printing 636.28 472.55
Prizes, medals and certificates . 22,005.06 22,039.97
Publicity 9,670.58 9,397.01
Rentals 8,499.14 8,251.71
Rubbish removal 250.00 250.00
Telephone 160.30 104.87
Wheel chairs— net 17.60 11.25
Miscellaneous 5,630.85 8,807.27
Excess of Income Over Expenditures . . . .$37,238.42 $24,085.30
AUTUMN SHOW, 1941
Postage $ 84.80
Exhibition committee 12.50
Engraving certificates 3.85
Prize committee fees 25.00
Judges' expense 90.85
Signs 18.45 '
Gardeners' award 325.00
Net Loss $ 999.63
ANNUAL MEETING, 1942 55
MISCELLANEOUS EXHIBITION EXPENSE
Year Ended Year Ended
31, 1941 31, 1940
Salary $3,451.20 $3,376.30
Printing 239.25 371.50
Stationery and postage 35.10 59.62
Supplies 1,324.26 397.36
Advertising 8.00 53.50
Exhibition committee fees 150.00 185.00
Prize committee fees 260.00 230.00
Traveling 372.83 236.43
Judges' expense 87.37 54.79
Decorating and signs 139.90 169.64
Repairs 245.73 1.50
Incidentals 125.85 84.65
Massachusetts State College exhibition 431.83
Miscellaneous 70.61 37.50
Total $6,510.10 $5,689.62
Year Ended Year Ended
31, 1941 31, 1940
Salaries $5,035.58 $5,079.08
Binding and repairs 963.13 986.44
Books and periodicals 21.45
Printing 40.75 23.00
Stationery and postage 47.41 66.01
Supplies 55.07 341.30
Insurance 9.60 9.60
Incidentals 7.65 9.00
Total $6,159.19 $6,535.88
OFFICE AND GENERAL EXPENSES
Year Ended Year Ended
31, 1941 31, 1940
Salaries $25,452.31 $22,138.31
Stationery and postage 2,953.91 2,324.39
Printing 1,458.20 1,428.95
Supplies and equipment 1,079.62 1,250.48
Telephone and telegraph 781.45 821.32
Traveling 194.69 155.94
Subscription of members to Horticulture 5,289.04 5,716.50
Incidentals 178.96 440.14
56 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY
Repairs 253.22 63.45
Photos and slides 572.35 444.25
Publicity 176.40 445.20
Binding 29.60 20.79
Miscellaneous 654.82 514.46
Total $39,074.57 $35,764.18
Tear Ended Tear Ended
31, 1941 31, 1940
Labor $11,401.36 $11,030.80
Supplies 398.88 570.16
Heating 1,493.06 1,379.13
Lighting 1,743.26 1,667.43
Repairs and upkeep 1,303.97 1,313.52
Insurance 1,850.22 1,064.48
Repairs to elevator 4,959.66
Electric wiring, changed from D.C. to A.C 1,578.81
Incidentals 434.91 558.00
Total $25,164.13 $17,583.52
STATEMENT OF INCOME AND EXPENSES
Tear Ended Tear Ended
Income December 31, 1941 December 31, 1940
Advertising $25,450.24 $21,638.06
Subscriptions 30,565.88 27,630.78
Books 4,840.04 5,758.30
Advertising "Gardening in
New England" 3,112.80 4,128.33
Royalties and commissions .... 498.19 792.83
Miscellaneous 438.53 352.26
Printing $24,308.46 $22,704.91
Paper 11,724.88 11,610.71
Cuts 2,614.25 2,815.26
Wrappers 582.23 515.23
Postage 5,118.96 4,959.11
Books 4,554.36 2,549.64
"Gardening in New England" . 2,618.96 3,274.89
Commissions and discounts .... 5,424.33 4,846.55
Contributors 1,338.86 1,392.92
ANNUAL MEETING, 1942 57
Salaries 4,109.02 4,084.52
Miscellaneous 3,157.21 2,339.02
Net Loss $ 645.84 $ 792.20
Note 2 : The financial records of Horticulture are kept on a cash receipts and
payments basis. The amounts due from advertisers and others, and the
indebtedness for paper, printing, etc., are not reflected in the above
John S. Ames, Treasurer.
Report of the Library Committee
During the past year the war has been the dominant influence
on the work of the library. People are not reading so much, and
what they do read is most often related to the problems of the
home garden. Soil maintenance, the raising of vegetables and
kitchen herbs, and the growing, curing and marketing of medicinal
plants have been the subjects of most persistent inquiry. To this
interest in the food garden we owe several new and unusually
good books on fruit and vegetable gardening which have been
published in recent months.
Following its regular practice, the library contributed an at-
tractive shelf of books to the official booth at the Spring Flower
Show. This served the double purpose of providing immediate
answers to questions, and of calling the attention of visitors to
one of the activities of our regular program. Small collections of
books and bulletins are also a part of the war-garden lecture
programs, and the horticultural chairman of the Garden Club
Federation has asked for a table of books for each of her monthly
For several years collections of garden club year books have
been sent out to clubs, garden centers and conference meetings in
many parts of the country. This year the principal collection has
bookings to full capacity and other individual sets have been made
up several times. These collections are used for exhibition and
study, and have received much favorable comment in the garden
Classes have visited the library from Simmons School of Library
Science, Lowthorpe School, the Boston School of Occupational
Therapy, and the School of the Museum of Fine Arts, and the
library resources have been used by artists, physicians, and others
of the community.
During the past summer the library received from Mrs. Albert
58 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY
C. Burrage the garden library of her late husband, who was for
many years president of this Society. Among the 2300 volumes
are some rare and important items, and there is also a fine col-
lection of water color drawings of orchids.
The last edition of the selected catalogue of the library, pub-
lished in 1936, is almost gone, and a new edition would be due if
times were normal. In its stead we have in press a supplement
combining into a single classified list all the best of the books
added to the library since 1936, and making a booklet of 32 pages.
It is put out at this time as a war-emergency guide to the best of
what is new, and will be sent for the cost of mailing to any member
of the Society who would like to have it.
The recataloguing and reclassifying of the library is continuing
steadily, but will take a year or two more to complete. The sec-
tions already finished have proved the value of the work by making
information more quickly and effectively available.
Charles K. Cummings, Chairman.
Report of the Committee on the Exhibition of the
Products of Children's Gardens
The 1941 Exhibition of the Products of Children's Gardens was
not quite so large as previous exhibitions, but the quality of the
products shown was excellent and the arrangement of the mate-
rial showed almost a professional touch. The children have been
taught not only to grow good vegetables but to display them in
a most effective manner. Even vegetables on a single plate can
be made to look attractive if arranged properly. Every effort will
be made at the coming show to give the children themselves an
opportunity to arrange the material in the large displays, the
instructors to act merely in an advisory capacity.
There were over 800 individual exhibits at the 1941 show. Since
it was a very dry season, Henry G. Wendler, who was in charge
of the project in the absence of Daniel W. O'Brien, considered this
a remarkable showing. There were 63 separate entries for Swiss
chard, 61 for green tomatoes, 50 for ripe tomatoes and 40 in the
class calling for any other variety of vegetable. It was quite a task
for the judges to pick the winners in these classes.
The roadside stands staged by the vocational agricultural schools
were outstanding. The prize winner in this class, that of the North
High School of Worcester, was equal to that staged by some of
our professional exhibitors at other shows. Mention should also
be made of the replica of the first school garden planned and
ANNUAL MEETING, 1942 59
planted here in Boston 50 years ago, which was staged by the
Jamaica Plain High School.
The 4-H Club exhibits were more extensive than ever and the
canning exhibit was the largest staged in the state in 1941, con-
sisting of over 1,500 jars canned by the children under the direc-
tion of the 4-H Club leaders.
In conclusion, it is gratifying to know that the Boston School
Committee is encouraging the planting of home and school gar-
dens and that instructors will be available throughout the season
to work with the children. The children may also avail themselves
of the opportunity of consulting garden club representatives in
charge of the victory garden program throughout the state. It is
hardly necessary to point out here that it is the duty of every
individual to grow and preserve as many fruits and vegetables
as possible during this emergency, so, why not encourage the
children to grow vegetables and make them conscious of the fact
that they are contributing toward our program to win the war as
speedily as possible.
S. J. Goddard, Chairman.
Report of the Committee on Exhibitions
Another active year in the history of the Massachusetts Horti-
cultural Society has come to a close and, as far as our committee
is concerned, this day marks the completion of another series of
exhibitions. It is not the purpose of this report to review the
shows of the past year, as has been our custom at three preceding
annual meetings. Those shows are over. You have been privileged
to see them and to form your own opinion as to their excellence.
It is our purpose, rather, to offer to you as members, to the
trustees, and to the incoming committee, certain suggestions which
we are convinced from our experiences, will result in still better
shows and definitely improved relations with exhibitors and
judges. Moreover, if these recommendations are put into opera-
tion, we believe there will be considerably less mystification on
the part of the visiting public as to why certain awards are
placed — or are not.
Before assembling this report, I asked each member of the
Committee on Exhibitions to write me his ideas as to urgent
changes which he felt should be effected for the good of the show
department. To be sure, these views have been expressed from time
to time in our committee meetings. Even so, it is well to have such
in summary and here they are — right from the letters in reply.
60 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY
All of these comments pertain to the Spring show, as might be
expected, for here most of the difficulties are encountered.
The show manager and the committee are charged by the
trustees with not only staging attractive and successful exhibits
but in making a profit as well. We are told that the annual profit
of $20,000 and more, over the actual cost of conducting the March
show, is a necessary supplement to the treasury of the Society for
its general operation and maintenance.
It seems reasonable that the free shows might well be financed
from the profits of the Spring show (if really necessary) but to
divert the gains of the Spring show to other uses seems unwar-
ranted. Such a practice makes a business enterprise of this show.
The committeeman making this comment offers the suggestion that
all profits realized from the Spring show be turned right back into
the show department for show purposes only, to provide for better
shows and to serve as a rampart of security against an unfavor-
able year. In the 1940 Year Book it is reported that "After the
centennial exhibition, the Society found itself with a surplus of
$30,000, which amount was prudently set aside as a nucleus of
what is in effect an insurance fund, to be drawn upon in event
of the show's failure to make its required earnings. This fund is,
of course, properly invested and the earnings are used for the pay-
ment of prizes at the shows".
This surplus has now been increased to around $44,000. It is
hard to estimate what figure it should eventually reach, but
$50,000 would be none too high. Then all earnings of this fund
and all further surpluses from Spring shows should rightfully
be spent for show purposes solely. Under the existing system, the
show manager is obligated to bring in several thousands of dollars
gain from the Spring enterprise, come foul weather, depression
or total war. That is, he is not only expected to satisfy without a
deficit the requirements of his own department in putting on a
beautiful show but to promote a financial project for the support
of certain other departments as well. Is this a fair, proper and
dignified position in which we are asking our show manager to
Another committeeman believes that exhibits the character and
size of the Great Smokies are likely to prove more expensive than
their attraction for the visitors justifies. This year's publicity on
that feature was enormous but perhaps two or even four smaller
exhibits which the public could walk around would have been more
interesting. This is certainly no unfavorable reflection upon the
quality of this year's stage piece ; the same caution applies to all
ANNUAL MEETING, 1942 61
others of equal magnitude. Is it not time we gave this idea some
There was one item on which each member of our committee,
without exception, gave expression — the precarious position of
the Prize Committee during the Spring show. The Committee on
Exhibitions has striven for years to perfect the schedules, formu-
late the rules, work out the scales of points and define the terms.
This committee and the show manager work for months design-
ing, planning, estimating costs, hunting up exhibitors, publicizing
and building the show.
The opening day of the great Spring exhibition finally arrives.
The Committee on Prizes has carefully chosen and engaged the
judges and they are ready to go to work with a rule book in one
hand and a sharp pencil in the other. Up to this point the two
committees have held only one or not more than two joint meet-
ings regarding this show. If some of the prize committee members
themselves are surprised at the opening scene, is it any wonder
that the judges are often bewildered at what confronts them ?
To ask a team of judges to render a verdict in a few minutes
on an exhibit that has required months to create is a large order.
That creditable results, as a rule, are achieved by the Prize Com-
mittee and their judges in awarding prizes under such unfamiliar
circumstances is a wonder ! The system is obviously fraught with
hazard and should be modified to prevent the possibility of serious
errors occurring in the future. After all, the exhibitors make the
show and they must always be made to feel they are being dealt
with fairly. Else they will not return.
Here is a plan which is offered for your consideration. The
Committee on Exhibitions will submit to the president of the
Society, for appointment a list of candidates for a Committee
on Prizes, which will meet with the first committee whenever it
is necessary. Regardless of the frequency of such joint meetings,
one of these will be held immediately after the judging at the
Spring show and before any of the cups, medals, certificates or
other major awards are announced to the exhibitors or the public.
By such a method, any differences of opinion among the several
committee members may be ironed out in advance of publicity.
Some device must be set up whereby an executive committee,
possibly designated by the president, will meet at stated times
during all shows to hear and act on protests. This is very impor-
tant and we should not go into another year unprepared in this
I realize that this report may be regarded as somewhat re-
62 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY
actionary. It is intended so to be. Our committee hopes that the
trustees will give each point expressed herein the most careful
consideration because we are convinced that it is expedient for
the good of the Society to effect these changes now.
Ray M. Koon, Chairman.
Report of the Committee on Prizes
Your Committee on Prizes has worked on 11 shows during the
past year, three of which, the gladiolus, iris and dahlia shows, were
given by their own societies.
At our Harvest Show, last October, an especially attractive
farmyard scene, was staged by Miss Case, whose work with boys
at Hillcrest has been notable. At this same show was a most inter-
esting exhibit of specimen grapes, sent by the Geneva Experi-
ment Station. To one of these new grapes, the Seneca, we gave
an award of merit.
The chrysanthemum show in November, combined with the
fortieth show of The Chrysanthemum Society of America, was
one of our outstanding shows.
At the Spring show, the president's cup was awarded to William
Walke, for his exhibit of amaryllis.
The Burr age gold cup, for the best exhibit at any show during
1941, was awarded to Mrs. Galen Stone.
Already it has been suggested to us that all medals for the
coming year be ordered now. I recommend that the Society with-
hold all medals for the duration of the war and that we be very
careful about making any large expenditures.
William P. Wolcott, Chairman.
Result of the Balloting
At four o'clock the polls were closed, 56 votes having been cast,
and the following were declared elected :
President: Edwin S. Webster
Vice-President : William Ellery
Trustees: Aubrey B. Butler
Harlan P. Kelsey
Mrs. Roger S. Warner
Massachusetts Horticultural Society
1942 Lord Aberconway, North Wales, England
1942 F. A. Bartlett, Stamford, Connecticut
1942 Walter D. Brownell, Little Compton, Rhode Island
1942 Alex Cumming, Bristol, Connecticut
1942 Dr. William A. Dayton, Washington, District of Columbia
1942 A. T. De La Mare, New York, New York
1942 David Fairchild, Coconut Grove, Florida
1942 Joseph B. Gable, Stewartstown, Pennsylvania
1942 Arthur Herrington, New York, New York
1942 Henry Hicks, Westbury, Long Island, New York
1942 Fred H. Howard, Montebello, California
1942 August Koch, Chicago, Illinois
1942 Colonel R. H. Montgomery, Coconut Grove, Florida
1942 Robert Moses, New York, New York
1942 G. G. Nearing, Ridgewood, New Jersey
1942 Frederick Law Olmsted, Brookline, Massachusetts
1942 George H. Pring, St. Louis, Missouri
1942 Dr. Alfred Rehder, Jamaica Plain, Massachusetts
1942 Dr. A. B. Stout, New York, New York
1942 Norman Taylor, New York, New York
1942 Dr. William A. Taylor, Washington, District of Columbia
1942 C. J. Van Bourgondien, Babylon, Long Island, New York
1942 Dr. Frank A. Waugh, Amherst, Massachusetts
1942 Richard Wellington, Geneva, New York
1942 Professor Edward Albert White, Ithaca, New York
1942 Elizabeth C. White, Whitesbog, New Jersey
1925 Rudolph D. Anstead, Bournemouth, England.
1889 Dr. L. H. Bailey, Ithaca, New York.
1925 F. R. S. Balfour, F.L.S., Dawyck, Stobo, Tweeddale, Scotland.
1911 W. J. Bean, 2, Mortlake Road, Kew, England.
1918 Desire Bois, Paris, France.
1925 I. H. Burkill, F.L.S., "Clova," Fetcham Park, Leatherhead,
1921 Fred J. Chittenden, Royal Horticultural Society, Vincent Square,
Westminster, London, England.
1925 Woon Young Chun, Sun Yat Sen University, Canton, China.
1925 G. W. Darnell-Smith, Director of the Sydney Botanic Gardens,
Sydney, New South Wales.
1925 Henry F. duPont, Winterthur, Delaware.
1925 Pierre S. duPont, Wilmington, Delaware.
64 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY
1925 Charles C. Eley, M.A., F.L.S , Suffolk, England.
1925 G. Fraser, Ucuelet, Vancouver Island, British Columbia.
1925 W. G. Freeman, B.S.C., F.L.S., Imperial Institute, South
Kensington, London S.W.7, England.
1918 Professor N. E. Hansen, Brookings, South Dakota.
1911 Professor IT. P. Hedrick, Geneva, New York.
1925 Sir Arthur W. Hill, K.C.M.G., F.R.S., F.L.S., Royal Botanic
Gardens, Kew, Surrey, England.
1925 Professor H. H. Hu, Fan Memorial Institute of Biology, Peking,
1925 Mrs. C. L. Hutchinson, Lake Geneva, Wisconsin.
1925 Charles W. Knight, Oakdale, New York.
1921 C. E. Lane-Poole, Canberra, Australia.
1925 C. C. Laney, Rochester, N. Y.
1911 M. Emile Lemoine, Nancy, France.
1925 Sir J. S. Maxwell, Bart, K.T., Pollok House, near Glasgow,
1918 J. Horace McFarland, Harrisburg, Pennsylvania.
1925 John McLaren, San Francisco, California.
1925 Mrs. William Mercer, Doylestown, Pennsylvania.
1925 Dr. Kingo Miyabe, Imperial University, Sapparo, Japan.
1898 Sir Frederick W. Moore, F.L.S., Willbrook House, Rathfarnham,
Co. Dublin, Ireland.
1918 Dr. George T. Moore, Botanical Gardens, St. Louis, Missouri.
1925 F. Cleveland Morgan, Montreal, Canada.
1925 M. L. Parde, Nogent-sur-Vernisson (Loiret), France.
1925 I. B. Pole-Evans, C.M.G., Chief of Division and Director, Botani-
cal Survey, Pretoria, Transvaal, South Africa.
1906 Lt.-Col. Sir David Prain, C.M.G., F.R.S., F.L.S. Warlingham,
1925 Miss Isabella Preston, Ottawa, Canada.
1925 Johannes Rafn, Skovfrokontoret, Copenhagen, Denmark.
1906 Dr. Henry N. Ridley, C.M.G., F.R.S., F.L.S., M.A., Kew, Surrey,
1925 Camillo Schneider, c/o Gartenschonheit, Berlin-Westend,
1925 F. L. Skinner, Dropmore, Manitoba.
1925 Sir William Wright Smith, F.L.S., Royal Botanic Garden,
1893 Professor Wuj_,iam Trelease, Urbana, Illinois.
1918. F. Gomer Waterer, Knaphill, Surrey, England.
1925 Cyril T. White, Government Botanist, Brisbane, Queensland,
1921 Gurney WHiSON, Secretary Royal Horticultural Society Orchid
Committee, Vincent Square, London S.W.I, England.
1925 John C. Wister, Germantown, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
1925 Major A. C. T. Woodward, Bewdley, Worcestershire, England.